The Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) are seeing both positive and negative indicators of driver behaviour when it compares its 2015 collision data to 2014. The data also reveals how driver behaviour contributed to the 260 fatal motor vehicle collisions that occurred on OPP-patrolled roads and highways last year.
Road deaths up but all “Big Four” categories down
According to the data, 299 people were killed in road collisions in OPP jurisdiction in 2015, compared to 288 in 2014.
Every year, the “Big Four” account for the majority of deaths on OPP-patrolled roads and 2015 was no exception. These are deaths preventable road deaths associated with alcohol/drug use, inattentive driving speeding and not wearing seat belts.
How the numbers stack up (all data applies to OPP jurisdiction only).
|Big Four Fatality Category||2015 Deaths||2014 Deaths|
Some positive news
The OPP are encouraged to see that all of the Big Four-related road deaths were down in 2015 when compared to 2014. Last year also marks the lowest number of alcohol/drug related deaths in more than ten years and the lowest number of inattentive-related road deaths since Ontario introduced distracted driving laws in 2009.
How the Big Four road fatalities can be down when overall road fatalities are up
Tragically, last year there were more road crashes in which more than one life was lost, than in the previous year. In 2015, there were four times as many crashes in which three people died and sadly, one of the collisions claimed the lives of four people (see detailed data below).
Transport truck and motorcycle-related deaths
In 2015, 71 people died in collisions involving large commercial transport trucks, compared to 66 in 2014. Sadly, 2015 marked the highest number of transport truck-related road deaths in the last eight years (since 2007).
Motorcyclists were the only road user class that did not see an increase in fatalities in 2015, however the decrease was minimal, with one less fatality in 2015 (31) than in 2014 (32).
Most collision categories down
The OPP responded to 69,469 road collisions in 2015, compared to 75,644 in 2014.
Large commercial transport trucks were involved in 5,373 collisions in 2015, compared to 6,307 in 2014.
Collisions that involved motorcycles were up, with 838 collisions in 2015, compared to 803 in 2014. (See below for more detailed collision data).
OPP Traffic Safety Senior Command weighs in on the data
“The OPP are concerned that more people died in road crashes in 2015 than in the previous year. We are encouraged to see lower numbers in all of the Big Four fatality causal factor categories, but we need to see drivers keep this downward trend going. There is no worse place to take risks, exercise poor judgement and make mistakes than behind the wheel,” said OPP Deputy Commissioner Brad Blair, Provincial Commander of Traffic Safety and Operational Support.
“When we reflect on our 2015 road fatality data, there is a much bigger picture that goes beyond those who tragically lost their lives. The devastation and grief that unfold following the death of a human being, let alone multiple human beings in a road crash can resonate across an entire community and have a tremendous impact on the well-being of that community,” said OPP Chief Superintendent Chuck Cox, Commander of the Highway Safety Division.
Cox explained that the burden of physical and emotional injury on those who survive a fatal road crash is extensive. Every year, thousands of people of all ages involved in these collisions are seriously injured and hospitalized. Many require long-term physical and psychological rehabilitation after surviving such a violent, catastrophic and traumatizing ordeal. For some, the suffering lasts a lifetime.
One of the OPP’s goals is to eliminate preventable injuries and deaths on Ontario roads and, in collaboration with its road safety partners, contribute towards Canada’s Road Safety Strategy to make Canada’s roads the safest in the world.
|ALL OPP REGIONS||TOTAL|
|Fatal Motor Vehicle Collisions||2014||2015|
|Number of Fatal Collisions||266||260|
|Persons Killed – Alcohol/drug-related||52||45|
|Persons Killed – Inattentive-related||82||69|
|Persons Killed – Speed-related||64||61|
|Persons Killed – No seatbelt/helmet||53||51|
|Motor Vehicle Collisions||2014||2015|
|Motor Vehicle Collisions Involving Large Commercial Transport Trucks||2014||2015|
|Number of Collisions||6,307||5,373|
|Number of Fatal Collisions||59||56|
|Number of TT Drivers Killed||4||10|
|Motor Vehicle Collisions Involving Motorcycles||2014||2015|
|Number of Collisions||803||838|
|Number of Fatal Collisions||31||27|
|Motor Vehicle Collisions – Animal Related||2014||2015|
|Number of Collisions||11,508||10,288|
|Number of Fatal Collisions||2||5|
|Other Contributing Factor Categories of Fatalities||2014 Deaths||2015 Deaths|
|Fail to Share/Yield||61||60|