Microsoft v. i4i in the U.S. Supreme Court – Court Unanimously Confirms i4i Victory

Update see previous post – April 19, 2011 U.S. Patent Law – David (i4i) versus Goliath (Microsoft Corporation)

Seal of the Supreme Court of the United States

The U.S. Supreme Court has decided in a small Toronto company’s ” i4i’s” favour, over the giant Microsoft on June 9, 2011.

All too often large corporations infringe upon a small company’s patent rights and get away with it.  Why? Because small company’s do not have, in some instances, $20-50 million dollars in their “defend the company patent budget” and as a result, cannot pursue a large corporation with 50 billion dollars in assets (ie-microsoft) who infringe upon their patent.

A small Toronto company (Michel J.M.G Vulpe; Stephen P. Owens, Infrastructures for Information Incorporated., Toronto, Ontario, Canada – i4i) filed a patent with the U.S. Patent Office on June 2, 1994 regarding a “Method and System for Manipulating the Architecture and the Content of a document separately from each other” .  A U.S. Patent (Vulpe et al) – Patent Number:  5,787,449 – Date of Patent:  July 28, 1998.

The owners of "eye for an eye" (i4i) celebrate their victory over Microsoft

In 2007 i4i launched a civil suit against Microsoft for infringing upon its’ XML editor patent.  In Texas, a District Court in Texas awarded i4i $290 million from Microsoft and ordered Microsoft to remove its’ Word (Microsoft Word 2003 & 2007) product from the market within 60 days.

In response to this decision, Microsoft appealed and lost in 2009.

Microsoft appealed the ruling all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear the appeal.

The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously sided with i4i and ordered Microsoft to pay the outstanding damages of $290 million (USD) and to stop selling versions of its’ Word software that contains the i4i system.

Many believe that Microsoft knew of the probable outcome, but pushed it anyway, sending a message to small patent owners that if they want to defend their patents, they better have deep pockets and plenty of patience for the long haul.

The U.S. Supreme Court confirmed the current patent system in the U.S., where those who attempt to have a patent declared invalid must present to the courts “clear and convincing” evidence, as to why the patent should be declared invalid.

Happy New Year, 2011 !!!


Happy New Year, 2011 wishes everyone a Happy New Year.

May 2011 usher in great health, happiness and prosperity for all of you. 2010 has been a difficult year for many families due to the poor economy which confronts us all.

In the new year, Canadians will be paying more to governments and businesses will pay less.

Hopefully we will see an improved economy for all and those who are facing challenges, can overcome them.

Thanks to all of you who have supported this site and to those who have contributed to this site in their own unique way.

Always remember to

All The Best for 2011!

Ontario Umbudsman André Marin Delivers Report on G20 “Caught in the Act”

Update: see previous related post – August 8, 2010 – G20 Litigation

How it all started:

TORONTO (Friday, July 9, 2010) – Ontario Ombudsman André Marin today announced he is launching an investigation into the origin and subsequent communication of the controversial security regulation passed by the province prior to the June 26-27 G20 summit.

The investigation, to be conducted by the Special Ombudsman Response Team (SORT), will examine the involvement of the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services in the origin of Regulation 233/10, made last month under the Public Works Protection Act to apply to parts of downtown Toronto near the summit meeting site – and the subsequent communication about it to stakeholders, including police, media and the public.

The Ombudsman’s office has received 22 complaints relating to the G20, including several alleging that a lack of transparency and public communication about the regulation led to an atmosphere of secrecy and confusion and contributed to violations of civil liberties. “The complaints we’ve received so far raise serious concerns about this regulation and the way it was communicated, and I think there is a very strong public interest in finding out exactly what happened and how that affected the rest of the events of the G20 weekend,” Mr. Marin said.

The investigation is expected to be completed within 90 days, Mr. Marin said. Anyone who has a complaint or relevant information is asked to call 1-800-263-1830 during business hours or complete an online complaint form at

Ombudsman releases findings of G20 investigation in a Report “Caught in the Act” and finds that Citizens were unfairly trapped by secret expansion of police powers.

TORONTO (December 7, 2010) – The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services quietly promoted the use of a likely illegal regulation to grant police “extravagant” powers on the eve of the G20 summit, Ontario Ombudsman André Marin says in his latest report, released today.

The controversial measure – Regulation 233/10 under the 71-year-old Public Works Protection Act (PWPA) – “was of dubious legality and no utility” and resulted in a mass violation of civil rights, Mr. Marin says in Caught in the Act(127 page report). The Toronto Police Service, which had requested the regulation because it was responsible for policing the areas around the security fence in downtown Toronto, compounded matters through its miscommunication about the reach of the regulation’s extraordinary powers, he said.

The Ombudsman found the Ministry, which had decided not to publicize the new legal measure, was “caught short” when Toronto Police misapprehended the regulation’s reach and used the authority of the PWPA to arrest or detain people who were simply in the vicinity of the security fence. Throughout the weekend of the G20 summit, police exercised their powers under the Act well beyond the limits of the security perimeter, even after the misinterpretation had been corrected.

It was “opportunistic and inappropriate” to use the PWPA – a “war measure” that allows “extravagant police authority” to arrest and search people in the name of protecting public works – for this purpose, Mr. Marin said. “Here in 2010 is the province of Ontario conferring wartime powers on police officers in peacetime. That is a decision that should not have been taken lightly or kept shrouded in secrecy, particularly not in the era of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.”

Going into the weekend of the G20 summit, no one knew about the regulation – not the public, not the press, city administrators or even key members of the Integrated Security Unit (ISU) in charge of management and co-ordination of summit security, the Ombudsman’s investigation found.

Worse, the Ministry’s decision not to publicize the regulation entrapped citizens who took the trouble to inform themselves of their rights and wound up “caught in the Act’s all but invisible web,” Mr. Marin said. “By changing the legal landscape without warning, regulation 233/10 operated as a trap for those who relied on their ordinary legal rights.”

The Ministry also failed to ensure that police were adequately trained on the regulation, which contributed in part to the “chaos and confusion” on city streets during the summit, he said. “The Ministry simply handed over to the Toronto Police inordinate powers, without any efforts made to ensure those powers would not be misunderstood.”

Ordinary citizens were shocked to discover that police had the power to detain and search even people who did not try to breach the fence or who declined to produce ID and tried to walk away, he noted. “Apart from insiders in the government of Ontario, only members of the Toronto Police Service knew that the rules of the game had changed, and they were the ones holding the ‘go directly to jail’ cards.”

The Ombudsman’s investigation was conducted by the Special Ombudsman Response Team (SORT) and involved 49 interviews with senior government officials and numerous stakeholders, including several of the 167 complainants who came forward. The team also reviewed hundreds of pages of internal government documents and emails and, for the first time, a wealth of evidence obtained via social media such as YouTube, Twitter and Facebook.

Mr. Marin recommended the Public Works Protection Act be revised or replaced, and that the Ministry examine whether any of the sweeping police powers it confers should be included in any new version, particularly whether it is appropriate to give police the authority to arrest those who have already been excluded entry to secured areas. He also said the Ministry should develop a protocol calling for public information campaigns whenever police powers are modified by subordinate legislation.

The Ministry has accepted all the recommendations and agreed to report back to the Ombudsman on its progress in implementing them. The Minister’s response, included in the report, notes that the enactment of the regulation could have been better handled and that in future it will take greater care to ensure the public is informed.

Note: The Ombudsman’s news conference will be webcast live at 1 p.m. and archived at . It will be posted later at

Ontario Ombudsman André Marin stated “In their haste to bump up G20 security, Ontario authorities kept silent on a convoluted amendment to 71-year-old legislation that was “illegal” and “likely unconstitutional,” abrogating the Charter rights of thousands of people in the process,”.

YouTube video where Ontario Ombudsman André Marin speaks to the findings of his investigation regarding the G20 in Toronto:

Update: December 18, 2010 – G20 case studies: 400 official complaints, little satisfaction

Update: December 18, 2010 – G20 Case Studies: How complaints are handled

Update: December 19, 2010 – Reining in the Unaccountable Toronto Police Chief, Bill Blair

Update: December 20, 2010 – Ontario Premier, Dalton McGuinty, does get it on G20

Update: December 20, 2010 – Conspiracy charges dropped against G20 protester

Update: December 20, 2010 – G20 spurred officer to make weapons arrest, trial hears

Update: December 21, 2010 – Police officer charged in G20 beating

Toronto Police Constable Babak “Bobby” or “Bob” Andalib-Goortani was charged Tuesday morning with assault with a weapon. He is scheduled to appear in court on January 24, 2011.

Update: December 21, 2010 – DiManno: Public take a bow on G20 police charges

Update: December 22, 2010 – G20 protests: Don’t let charge be end of story

Update: December 22, 2010 – G20 Toronto Police Officer, Constable Babak “Bobby” or “Bob” Andalib-Goortani, tight-lipped at SIU appearance

Update: December 23, 2010 – Accused G20 officer went on humanitarian mission

Update: December 24, 2010 – Keep up the pressure, readers urge

Update: December 24, 2010 – The City of Toronto: Touted as an event to put Toronto on the geopolitical map, the G20 summit proved a nightmare. A secret 5-metre rule appeared to give police sweeping powers. The Black Bloc ran amok. The city appeared briefly to have become a police state, with “kettling” of protestors and the largest mass arrests in Canadian history — all during a heated mayoral campaign that divided the city. With a cop recently charged with assaulting a demonstrator, this story is far from over.

Update: December 27, 2010 – Photos: The Star’s picks from the G20

Update: January 7, 2011 – SIU report on plainclothes officers in Nobody case to be released

Update: January 7, 2011 – Judge orders police, SIU to hand over Adam Nobody records

Update: January 12, 2011 – G20 Take Victim Down

Update: January 14, 2011 – SIU reopens G20 case after photos surface

Update: January 24, 2011 – Hearing for Toronto police Constable Babak Andalib-Goortani officer charged in G20 assault postponed to February 28, 2011, by request of his publicly paid for defence lawyer, Harry Black

Update: January 26, 2011 –G20 charges dropped against visual artist

Update: January 27, 2011 – SIU reopens third G20 case

Update: February 2, 2011 – Toronto police Constable Babak Andalib-Goortani officer charged in second G20 assault, eight (8) months after the G20 concludes

Update: February 2, 2011 – DiManno: Charged G20 officer stands alone

Update: February 2, 2011 – Publicly paid lawyer for G20 police defendant, Harry Black, opposes release of Adam Nobody notes

Update: February 5, 2011 – G20 abuse: What about the others?

Update: February 13, 2011 – Police response ‘scummy’, lawyer says over G20 investigation

Update: February 27, 2011 – Report slams ‘shocking’ abuses at G20 summit

Update: February 28, 2011 – No public inquiry on G20, McGuinty says

Update: February 28, 2011 – Civil rights trampled in police response to G20 protests: Report

Update: March 3, 2011 – Police services review of G20 moves to next phase

Update: March 9, 2011 – SIU reopens G20 case after video emerges

Update: March 16, 2011 – Man accused of lighting police cruiser on fire during G20 protest fires lawyer

Update: March 24, 2011 – Crossbow seized near G20 fence meant to repel break-in, court told

Update: April 1, 2011 – G20 private security firm charged

Update: April 1, 2011 – Police cleared of wrongdoing in G20 injury case

Update: April 28, 2011 – Exclusive: Province to scrap secret G20 law

Update: May 6, 2011 – Jane’s Walk recalls G20 violence in Toronto

Update: May 6, 2011 No apology from McGuinty for G20 secret law

Update: May 11, 2011 – Filmmaker suing province, police over G20 arrest

Update: May 12, 2011 – Montreal man arrested in G20 investigation

Update: May 12, 2011 – Judge acquits G20 ‘jester’ of carrying Molotov cocktails

Update: May 16, 2011 G20 ‘geek’ Byron Sonne granted bail

Update: May 16, 2011 Evidence leaves officers unidentified in G20 takedown

Update: May 26, 2011 – Witness to G20 beating was suspect officer’s roommate, SIU says

Update: May 26, 2011 – Police service probes G20 ‘witness’ officers

Update: May 27, 2011 – DiManno: G20 policing black eye isn’t fading away

Update: May 27, 2011 – The Big Deal: Will a civilian review of G20 allow us to move forward?

Update: June 9, 2011 – Ministers didn’t follow own policies for G8 spending

Fight Your Website – 2nd Anniversary!! is Celebrating its’ 2nd Anniversary

Fight Your - 2nd Anniversary, November 5, 2010
Fight Your - 2nd Anniversary, Friday, November 5, 2010 (found at Betty Crocker website)

This could not have happened without you! is two (2) years old today. could not have continued without the ongoing support of visitors. wants to acknowledge and thank all of you who have supported this site.

As the website evolved over time, many called for a book version of the site with additional chapters that are not found anywhere on the site. rose to the challenge and published a book “Fight Your Tickets: A Comprehensive Guide to Traffic Tickets”.

This book was originally released as an eBook and then as a hardcopy book found in various bookstore. wants to thank all of those people who supported by the site by making donations or purchased the book online or at various bookstores.


Where can the Book “Fight Your Tickets: A Comprehensive Guide to Traffic Tickets” be found?

The Book “Fight Your Tickets: A Comprehensive Guide to Traffic Tickets” was originally released in the form of an eBook. There were numerous people who said that in additon to eBook, they would like to have a physical hardcopy book. Others stated that they didn’t appreciate eBooks and wanted to only have the hardcopy book.

In response to the demand for hardcopy book versions of “Fight Your Tickets: A Comprehensive Guide to Traffic Tickets”, Fight Your Tickets can now be picked up at the following locations:

World’s Biggest Book Store

20 Edward Street,
Toronto, Ontario
M5G 1C9 Canada
(416) 977-7009

Store Hours:

Sunday ——–11:00am to 8:00pm
Monday——–9:00am to 10:00pm
Tuesday——–9:00am to 10:00pm
Wednesday—-9:00am to 10:00pm
Thursday——-9:00am to 10:00pm
Friday———–9:00am to 10:00pm
Saturday——–9:00am to 10:00pm

See location, press link

Travelling to the World’s Biggest Book Store:

T.T.C – go to Dundas Street subway stop (on the Yonge Line) and once off, walk up to Yonge Street and walk up (north) on Yonge Street for about 30 seconds. Edward Street is located just north of Dundas St. & Yonge St. on the west side of Yonge St. 20 Edward Street is huge red building and cannot missed or mistaken for another store.


Exit the Dundas St. subway and walk towards the Atrium on Bay. Once in the Atrium on Bay building, travel up the escalator and walk west towards the Post Office. There are exit doors within the Atrium on Bay to Edward Street. Once out the doors onto Edward Street, walk across the street and there stands the large red building on street level “World’s Biggest Book Store”

By Motor Vehicle:

Drive onto the street, but make sure you are legally parked on Edward Street at the “P” parking on the southside of Edward Street. There is no legal street parking for vehicles on the north side of Edward Street and you will receive a parking ticket, as the parking enforcement officers aggressively ticket motorists. If you want to shop and stay awhile, there is underground parking located in the Atrium on Bay, which can be accessed from the Edward Street entrance/exit. When you come out of the parking lot, you will be in the Atrium on Bay and can access Edward Street from the second (2nd) floor of the Atrium on Bay beside the Post Office.

Where is the book, “Fight Your Tickets: A Comprehensive Guide to Traffic Tickets” located within the World’s Biggest Book Store?

Go through the entrance located at 20 Edward Street. As you walk in, you’ll notice an escalator travelling up to the second (2nd) floor. Take the escalator up and upon reaching the second (2nd) floor and walking off of the escalator, turn right and right again, and walk towards the SCIENCE/NATURE sign. Keep walking and against the wall you will see an automotive section. Beside the automotive section, is a section called “Legal Reference”. Go to the legal reference section and you will find the book on the middle shelf.

Upon locating the book and picking it up, you can then proceed to the escalator travelling down to the first floor. Turn left and left again and walk towards the cashiers (and there are several) at the front of the store.

The book retails for less than the price of a ticket, at twenty four ninety five ($24.95).

If you have any problems finding your way in the store, there are courteous staff always looking to assist you.

Federal Publications Inc.

425 University Avenue
Suite 401 – 4th floor
Toronto, ON M5G 1T6
Get Directions
(416) 860-1611
Store Hours:

9:00 a.m. – 5:30 p.m – Monday to Friday

Travelling to Federal Publications Inc.:

T.T.C– Get off at St. Patrick on the University/Spadina Line at the southeast corner of University Avenue and Dundas Street West. Walk south on east side University Ave, just south of Dundas Street and it is the second building on your left. 425 University Avenue. Once in the building, press the up button on the elevator and once inside press 4. When you exit on the 4th floor, you will see Federal Publications directly in front of you (suite 401) and walk inside. Turn to your left and you’ll see shelves of different books. Walk towards the law section and adjacent to it is shelving with Wills & Probates and Do-It-Yourself Forms. Fight Your Tickets: A Comprehensive Guide to Traffic Tickets is just above that section.

The staff inside are friendly and knowledgeable and will assist you. Federal Publications is celebrating its 25th year and I have enjoyed this store for 21 of its’ 25 years.


By Motor Vehicle

You can drive to the University and Dundas Street location and look for parking. Many people just park at the City Hall Parking found under Nathan Phillips Square and walk up. Beneath Nathan Phillips Square is one of the world’s largest underground parking garages, with space for 2,400 motor vehicles to park.

If you can’t travel to the bookstore, you can order this Book from Federal Publications:

Find an item
Order online
Order by phone
Order by fax
Order by mail

Take a look at “Fight Your Tickets: A Comprehensive Guide to Traffic Tickets” at Federal Publications.

See a review of  Federal Publications Inc.

In Montreal, Quebec:

Located in beautiful Old Montreal, close to the Palais de justiceWilson & Lafleur has been operating since 1909.

Wilson & Lafleur Ltée
40, Rue Notre-Dame Est
Montreal, QC H2Y 1B9
(514) 875-6326
Closet Subway Station: Station Place-d’Armes

Days and Hours of Operation: Monday to Friday 9:00am to 5:00pm

If You Want to Order it Online:

If you want to order the hard copy version of this book and have it mailed to you, the book can be ordered online from: or