- The Motor Vehicle Act defines British Columbia road laws. It outlines laws that govern the operation of motor vehicles on B.C. roads – defining the rules of the road and related offences and sanctions.
- The Criminal Code of Canada defines criminal motor vehicle offences.
- The Superintendent of Motor Vehicles is mandated to regulate driver behaviour, further support the law, and uphold administrative justice through driver behaviour intervention programs and administrative reviews – see About Us page on this site.
- The police enforce road laws by ticketing drivers for traffic violations, issuing sanctions for disobeying the rules (driving prohibitions/suspensions) and/or laying criminal offence charges.
- The Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) is delegated under the Motor Vehicle Act to provide direct services to clients (vehicle registration and licensing; driver training, testing and licensing; administrative processes; maintaining driving records and applying penalty points; receiving payments and applications for reviews of certain sanctions).
A List of Traffic Violations with Associated Fines and Penalty Points
For some offences or convictions such as excessive speeding, a Driver Risk Premium (see that section below, under Driver Risk Premium) may apply in addition to fines and points.
|Motor Vehicle Act Section||Description||Fine||Point level|
|24(1)||No driver’s licence/wrong class||$276||3|
|24(3)(b)||Drive without insurance||$598||0|
|25(15)||Drive contrary to restriction (e.g., not wearing corrective lenses)||$109||3|
|25(15)||Drive contrary to restriction (new driver using electronic device while driving)||$167||3|
|33(1)||Fail to produce driver’s licence or insurance||$81||0|
|73(1)||Fail to stop for police||$138||3|
|121||Unsafe driving of maintenance or construction vehicle||$109||2|
|123||Fail to obey police direction||$109||2|
|125||Disobey traffic control device||$121||2|
|127(1)(a)(ii)||Fail to yield to pedestrian||$167||2|
|127(1)(a)(iii)||Fail to yield to vehicle-green light||$167||2|
|128(1)(a)||Yellow light at intersection/no stop before intersection||$167||2|
|128(2)(a)||Yellow light-no intersection||$109||2|
|129(1)||Red light at intersection||$167||2|
|129(3)||Fail to yield-right turn-red light||$167||2|
|129(4)(b)||Fail to yield-left turn-red light||$167||2|
|129(5)(a)||Red light-no intersection||$167||2|
|130(1)(a)||Fail to yield or disobey green arrow||$167||2|
|130(2)(a)(i)||Fail to stop-yellow arrow-marked crosswalk||$167||2|
|130(2)(a)(ii)||Fail to stop-yellow arrow-intersection||$167||2|
|130(2)(b)||Fail to yield-yellow arrow-pedestrian||$167||2|
|131(1)(a)||Red flashing light at intersection||$167||2|
|131(2)(a)||Red flashing light-no intersection||$138||2|
|131(3)(a)||Yellow flashing light at intersection||$167||2|
|131(4)(a)||Yellow flashing light-no intersection||$138||2|
|131(5)(a)||Fail to yield at green flashing light||$167||2|
|134||Fail to obey lane direction control signal||$121||2|
|140||Disobey construction signs||$196-$253||3|
|143||Drive over newly painted lines||$109||2|
|144(1)(a)||Drive without due care||$368||6|
|144(1)(b)||Drive without consideration||$196||6|
|144(1)(c)||Speed relative to conditions||$167||3|
|146(1)||Speed in/outside municipality||$138-$196||3|
|146(3)||Speed against highway sign||$138-$196||3|
|146(5)||Speed against area sign||$138-$196||3|
|146(7)||Speed against municipal sign||$138-$196||3|
|146(11)||Speed on municipal lane||$138||3|
|147(1)||Speed in school zone||$196-$253||3|
|147(2)||Speed in playground zone||$196-253||3|
|149||Fail to stop for school bus||$167||3|
|150(1)||Fail to keep right||$109||3|
|150(2)||Slow vehicle not on right||$109||3|
|150(3)||Fail to keep right of rotary traffic island||$109||3|
|151(a)||Unsafe lane change||$109||2|
|151(b)||Lane change solid line||$109||2|
|151(c)||Change lanes without signal||$109||2|
|151(d)||Left turn from wrong lane||$109||2|
|151(e)||Right turn from wrong lane||$109||2|
|151(f)||Illegal pass on laned roadway||$109||2|
|151(g)||Slow moving in wrong lane||$109||2|
|151.1(3)||Improper use of leftmost lane||$167||3|
|154||Passing when meeting oncoming traffic||$109||3|
|155(1)(a)||Cross solid double line||$109||3|
|155(1)(b)(i)||Fail to keep right of double broken/solid line||$109||3|
|155(1)(b)(ii)||Cross solid broken line||$109||3|
|155(1)(c)||Fail to keep right of single broken or solid line||$109||3|
|157(1)(a)||Fail to pass at safe distance||$109||3|
|157(1)(b)||Fail to complete pass safely||$109||3|
|157(2)(a)||Fail to yield passing vehicle||$109||3|
|157(2)(b)||Increase speed while being passed||$109||3|
|158(1)||Pass on right||$109||2|
|158(2)(a)||Unsafe pass on right||$109||2|
|158(2)(b)||Pass on right off roadway||$109||2|
|159||Unsafe pass on left||$109||3|
|160||Pass without clear view||$109||3|
|161||Disobey traffic sign or signal||$121||2|
|162(1)||Follow too closely||$109||3|
|162(2)||Commercial vehicle follow too closely||$109||3|
|162(3)||Fail to leave sufficient space between vehicle for passing||$109||3|
|163(a)||Drive over highway divider||$109||3|
|163(b)||Fail to keep right on divided highway||$109||3|
|164(1)||Enter controlled access highway||$109||3|
|164(2)||Leave controlled access highway||$109||3|
|165(5)||Improper turn at intersection||$109||3|
|166||Improper left turn-no intersection||$121||2|
|167||Improper right turn-no intersection||$121||2|
|168(b)(iv)||U-turn – intersection||$167||2|
|168(b)(v)||U-turn – business district||$121||2|
|170(1)||No signal on turn||$121||2|
|170(2)||Inadequate signal on turn||$121||2|
|170(3)||Fail to signal stop or decrease in speed||$121||2|
|171(2)||Drive without signal device||$109||2|
|172(2)||No proper signalling equipment for right-hand drive vehicle||$109||2|
|173(1)||Fail to yield at uncontrolled intersection||$167||2|
|174||Fail to yield on left turn/fail to yield to left turn vehicle||$167||2|
|175(1)||Fail to yield after stop||$167||2|
|175(2)||Fail to yield to vehicle leaving stop||$167||2|
|176(1)||Emerging vehicle-fail to stop||$121||2|
|176(2)||Emerging vehicle-fail to yield||$121||2|
|177||Fail to yield for emergency vehicle||$109||3|
|179(1)||Fail to yield to pedestrian||$167||3|
|179(3)||Pass vehicle yielding for pedestrian||$167||3|
|179(4)||Disobey school guard/ patrol||$167||3|
|181||Fail to exercise duty to pedestrian||$138||2|
|185(1)||Fail to stop or leave safely at railway crossing||$109||2|
|185(2)||Drive past railway crossing gate||$109||2|
|185(4)(e)||Commercial vehicle-no stop at railway crossing||$109||2|
|185(5)||Fail to proceed with caution at railway crossing||$109||2|
|186||Disobey stop sign||$167||3|
|191(2)(a)||Unsecured motor vehicle||$81||0|
|193||Reverse into intersection||$121||2|
|193||Reverse when unsafe||$109||2|
|196||Improper operation of vehicle on canyon, defile, or on mountain road||$109||2|
|197||Coast down grade illegally||$121||2|
|198||Follow fire truck too closely/ park near fire truck||$81||2|
|199||Drive over fire hose||$81||2|
|200||Drive on sidewalk||$81||2|
|203(1)||Open door while unsafe||$81||2|
|214.2 (1)||Using electronic device while driving||$167||3|
|214.2 (2)||Emailing or texting while driving||$167||3|
Motorcycle Helmet/Passenger Violations and Fines
|Motor Vehicle Act section|||
|194(1)||Operate motorcycle-not on seat||$121||2|
|194(2)(a)||Passenger unlawfully on motorcycle||$109||0|
|194(2)(b)||Motorcycle passenger not lawfully seated||$109||0|
|194(2)(c)||Fail to use foot pegs or floorboards||$109||0|
|194(3)||Ride motorcycle without required helmet||$138||0|
|194(4)(a)||Permit passenger under 16 to be unlawfully seated||$109||2|
|194(4)(b)||Permit passenger under 16 to ride without required helmet||$138||0|
|194(9)||Obstruct a peace officer||$276||0|
|194(10)||Operate motorcyle-more than two abreast||$109||2|
Seatbelt Violations and Fines
|Motor Vehicle Act section||Description||Fine||Point level|
|220(2)||Operate vehicle without|
|220(3)||Operate vehicle with|
|220(4)||Fail to wear seatbelt||$167||0|
|220(6)||Permit passenger without|
Motor Vehicle Act Regulations
|Motor Vehicle Act section||Description||Fine||Point level|
|3.02||Improper display of plate||$230||0|
|30.13||Fail to display “L” or “N” sign||$109||0|
|47.02||Fail to slow down or move over near stopped official vehicle||$173||3|
Fines Levied by the Courts
|Motor Vehicle Act Section|
|70(1)(a)||Illegal use or possession of|
permit or insurance
|70(1.1)(a)||Illegal use or possession of|
|70(1.1)(b)||Illegal use or possession of|
|Motor vehicle-related Criminal Code (Canada) offences||10|
|95(1)||Driving while prohibited||$575-|
|234(1)||Driving while suspended||$575-|
Driver Risk Premium
You will pay a Driver Risk Premium if you have
one or more driving-related Criminal Code convictions
one or more 10-point Motor Vehicle Act convictions
one or more excessive speeding convictions and/or two or more roadside suspensions/prohibitions.
How the Driver Risk Premium is calculated
Each year just prior to your assessment date (which is usually your date of birth) we review your driving record for offences in the previous three years.
You receive only one DRP invoice per year, but each driving offence may impact DRP billings for more than one year, depending on the rest of your driving record in a three-year period.
The Driver Risk Premium, like Driver Penalty Points, is separate from Autoplan insurance premiums. They are billed even if you don’t own or insure a vehicle.
This table shows the DRP amounts you may have to pay for different types of driving offences.
|Conviction count||Criminal Code of Canada convictions||Roadside suspensions/prohibitions||Excessive speed|
Amounts continue to increase for more than 10 convictions.
Ways you can save money
Two options are available to reduce the cost of your Driver Penalty Point Risk Premium (DRP):
- If you give up your driver’s licence for your entire billing period, your DRP premium could be eliminated. Please contact us to discuss your personal situation.
- If you give up your licence for at least 30 days during your billing period, your DRP premium can be reduced.
Steps to get your reduction
To give up your licence:
- Go to a driver licensing office and let them you’d like to give up your licence to reduce your premium.
- When your chosen length of time has passed, call us to confirm the amount owing.
- Return to a driver licensing office to reapply for your licence
- Pay what is owed on your Driver-Risk Premium as well as the fee to have your licence re-issued.
DRP questions and answers
Q: Will I have to pay the DRP for more than one year?
A: You will only receive one Driver Risk Premium invoice per year, but DRP looks at all eligible convictions in a three-year period, so a single serious conviction may result in a DRP invoice in each of those three years.
Q: Why is DRP based on a three-year driving record scan?
A: Three years of driving history provides a more accurate prediction of the risk a driver represents (that is, the likelihood they will have a crash resulting in claims costs) than a shorter period of time.
Q: Is DRP part of my Autoplan premium?
A: The DRP and Driver Penalty Point premiums are separate from Autoplan insurance premiums.
They are billed even if you don’t own or insure a vehicle. Any revenue generated offsets Autoplan insurance premiums.
Q: Is the Driver Penalty Point program(DPP) still in place?
A: The Driver Risk Premium (DRP) and Driver Penalty Point programs operate in parallel.
Q: Will I get two bills if I have driving convictions that apply to DPP and DRP?
A: You will only be billed under one program. Whether it’s DRP or DPP depends on which has the higher premium.
Q: What happens if I don’t pay the premium?
A: If you don’t pay your Driver Risk Premium, interest will be applied to any outstanding amount.
Insurance coverage provided with your driver’s licence will not be valid and you will not be able to complete any driver’s licence or vehicle insurance transactions until you pay any debts owing to ICBC or the government.
Health problems tend to manifest themselves, or become more prevalent as drivers age which is why, beginning at age 80 and every two years thereafter, drivers must be assessed by their doctor and submit a medical report to RoadSafetyBC. Further, cognitive impairment with respect to driving represents a growing public safety issue as BC’s population ages. As a result it is imperative that drivers who show signs of cognitive decline are assessed to ensure that they are fit to drive.
Age 80 Driver’s Medical Examination Report (DMER)
The Driver Medical Examination Report (DMER) is the primary tool used by RoadSafetyBC for initial assessment of the severity, progression, treatment or effects of medical conditions that may affect a driver’s fitness to drive. When a driver reaches age 80 and at every 2 years thereafter, RoadSafetyBC requires that the driver have a DMER completed by their physician and sent to RoadSafetyBC.
RoadSafetyBC reviews the completed DMER and informs the driver in writing if any further information or assessment is required. RoadSafetyBC also notifies the driver, in writing, of any driver’s licence status changes which occur as a result of the information on the report. There is more information about RoadSafetyBC’s processes for making driver fitness decisions on our Driver Medical Fitness page.
Below is a sample copy of the Driver Medical Examination Report:
- Driver’s Medical Examination Note: sample copy only, this is for a physician or Nurse Practitioner to complete.
Important: DMERs must be completed and returned to RoadSafetyBC within 45 days of the date that the DMER was issued or the driver’s licence may be cancelled. Information and instructions are provided on the back of the DMER form. There may be situations where it is not possible for the driver to meet the timelines indicated on the form. If the timelines cannot be met, the driver must contact RoadSafetyBC as soon as possible to seek an extension of the time limit. Failure to do so may result in the cancellation of the driver’s licence.
Resources & Alternatives to Driving
A number of organizations, including ICBC, SeniorsBC and BCAA, provide information and resources for seniors about:
- staying safe on the road;
- the impact that medical conditions may have on safe driving ability; and
- planning for driving retirement.
ICBC – “Tips for Senior Drivers”
BCAA – “Older Drivers”
Further, if you are thinking about retiring from driving, there are a number of resources to help you maintain your identification needs, independence, and mobility.
If you are no longer eligible to hold a driver’s licence and you use your driver’s licence as photo ID, you can exchange it for a free official BC Identification card, which is accepted as ID anywhere a driver’s licence is accepted.
The BC Identification card includes your photo and all the same security features as a driver’s licence – you can get one for free at any Driver Licensing Office (ICBC or Service BC).
For a comprehensive list of resources to help you with your transportation needs, click the picture below to be taken to SeniorsBC.ca.
Please note that the above resources are not maintained by RoadSafetyBC, and we, therefore, cannot verify that they are current. These resources may also be subject to change.